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Report Title: Nanosafety Guidelines
Report ID: 572
Date: 9/1/2010
Author: Delft University of Technology (Netherlands)
Report Type: Guidance Document
URL: [pagina.jsp]
Country: Netherlands
Organization: Delft University of Technology (Netherlands)
Summary: These safety guidelines are intended to protect students and employees at the Delft University of Technology from nanomaterial dangers. The occupational hygiene strategy consists of: Eliminate, Substitute, Isolate, Ventilate, Personal Protective Equipment (in that order). The goal is to eliminate nanomaterial usage if possible, then to substitute non-nano materials if possible, then to isolate in a closed system if possible, then to ventilate in a fume hood if possible, and lastly to only rely upon personal protective measures if the other measures are inapplicable. A description of each level of the strategy is provided in the guidelines.
Archived Copy: TNW_Guidelines_Nano_Safety_versie_2_100909_572_7527.pdf



Report Title: Provisional nano-reference values : Applicability of the concept and of published methods
Report ID: 536
Date: 1/1/2010
Author: National Institute for Public Health and the Environment
Report Type: General Report
URL: [s]
Country: Netherlands
Organization: National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (Netherlands)
Summary: This Dutch-language report attempts to determine temporary values for maximum exposure of workers to nanomaterials, in the absence of certain scientific data. Based on currently published reports, the report gives specific values for materials such as carbon nanotubes. It is emphasized, however, that these values may still be ultimately unsafe for workers once future research is conducted.
Archived Copy: 601044001_536_5547.pdf



Report Title: Nanomaterials in the Aquatic Environment: Toxicity, Exposure and Risk Assessment
Report ID: 524
Date: 1/1/2009
Author: J.A. Vonk, J. Struijs, D. van de Meent, et al
Report Type: Research Report
URL: [607794001.pdf]
Country: Netherlands
Organization: National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (Netherlands)
Summary: After the UK Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution noted in 2008 that toxicology information for nanomaterials is not often compared against the toxicity information for the same material in bulk form, the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment of the Netherlands undertook this report, which identifies specific properties of nanomaterials in an aquatic environment that cause differing toxicity characteristics. Currently, environmental risk of chemicals is calculated using the quotient of a predicted environmental concentration (PEC) and a predicted no-effect concentration (PNEC). While there is no cause to assume that this method is invalid for nanomaterials, there is uncertainty in accounting for nanomaterial-specific environmental behavior in assessing PEC and PNEC. Examination of nanomaterials in the aquatic environment reveals that traditional methods of toxicity estimation are insufficient, and the report suggests that nanomaterials be added to the "difficult substances" list within the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) Guidance, which would permit special methods to be used for risk assessment. These methods are still under development and more information is required before accurate assessments can be made.
Archived Copy: 607794001_524_1314.pdf



Report Title: SER – Advisory report – Nanoparticles in the Workplace: Health and Safety Precautions
Report ID: 497
Date: 3/1/2009
Author: Working Conditions Committee of the Social and Economic Council of the Netherlands
Report Type: Advisory Report
URL: [2009_01.aspx]
Country: Netherlands
Organization: Social and Economic Council of the Netherlands (SER)
Summary: On September 5, 2008, the Netherlands Minister of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW) sent a request for advice to the Social and Economic Council of the Netherlands (SER) concerning the uncertainties of nanotechnology, particularly how to deal with nanoparticles in an occupational environment. This document is SER's advisory report in response to that request. Under the Working Conditions Act, the employer bears primary responsibility for the health and safety of employees working with nanoparticles. The Committee considers it necessary to apply the precautionary principle in light of the unknown and uncertain risks currently posed by nanoparticles. Employers should prevent exposure to nanoparticles, and where exposure is unavoidable, should minimize the amount and duration of exposure. Once sufficient risk information is developed, the precautionary principle can be replaced with other regulations such as REACH. The Committee calls on employers to apply and implement the precautionary principle in their RI&Es and associated action plans, and authorities should implement exposure limits. It may also be beneficial to implement a notification requirement for companies working with nanoparticles.
Archived Copy: SER_497_8622.pdf



Report Title: Dutch Government to Develop Occupational Exposure Limits for Common Nanoparticles
Report ID: 492
Date: 9/14/2009
Report Type: News Article
Publication: Chemical Regulation Reporter
Country: Netherlands
Summary: Following a March 2009 report on nanoparticle safety in the occupational environment, the Dutch government is developing standards for acceptable levels of nanoparticles in the workplace. The Dutch Parliament has asked KIR nano, an agency of the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RVIM), to develop "nano reference values" which will eventually be used to set occupational exposure limits for commonly used nanoparticles. Although present scientific data is more limited than would be optimal, KIR nano believes that it will be able to derive preliminary values. Nanotechnology risk research is needed to support this work, and there will also be industry surveys. Once reference values are created, employers will be obligated to ensure that occupational nanoparticle exposure is within the acceptable limits.
Archived Copy: dutchlimits_492_7342.pdf



Report Title: Dutch Government Conclude Synthetic Biology Covered by Existing Regulations
Report ID: 485
Date: 12/20/2008
Author: Ministry of Education, Culture and Sciences
Report Type: Press Release
Publication: SingleNews SafeNano
URL: [SingleNews.aspx]
Country: Netherlands
Organization: inistry of Education, Culture and Sciences (Netherlands)
Summary: Dutch ministers for Research and Development Ronald Plasterk and Jacqueline Cramer have sent a letter to the Dutch Parliament, informing them that currently synthetic biology (a convergence of biotechnology and nanotechnology) is sufficiently regulated under existing laws. However, the ministers support monitoring synthetic biology’s development and in five years, launching a survey of the scientific state of the art, to be completed by the Academy of Sciences KNAW. In the meantime, nanotechnology and biotechnology working groups should monitor synthetic biology developments.
Archived Copy: dutch_485_7783.pdf



Report Title: Health significance of Nanotechnologies
Report ID: 224
Date: 4/27/2006
Author: Dr. M. de Visser
Report Type: Advisory Report
URL: [health_significance_of_nanotechnologies_en.pdf]
Country: Netherlands
Organization: Health Council of the Netherlands
Summary: In the present advisory report, a Committee of the Health Council of the Netherlands explores the significance of nanoscience and nanotechnologies for human health. Addressing the associated opportunities and risks for individuals and society at large, the report suggests how to manage far-reaching developments in these areas.
Archived Copy: health_significance_of_nanotechnologies_en_224_1304.pdf



 
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